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Endoscopic Procedures

Endoscopy is a nonsurgical modality for inspecting the digestive tract. Our doctor can view images of your digestive tract on a colour TV monitor using an endoscope, which is a flexible tube with a light and camera connected to it.

    Types of Endoscopic Procedures

  • Upper GI Endoscopy: Upper endoscopies are effortlessly inserted through the mouth and throat and into the oesophagus, letting the doctor to examine the oesophagus, stomach, and upper part of the small intestine.

  • Colonoscopy/ Sigmoidoscopy: Endoscopes can be inserted via the rectum into the large intestine (colon) to examine this part of the intestine. Depending on how far up the colon is inspected, this operation is known as sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy.

Foreign Body Retrieval

  • Endoscopic foreign body retrieval is a minimally invasive technique for removing foreign bodies or swallowed objects from the gastrointestinal tract. We have a wide range of foreign body retrieval devices to suit every clinical condition, including removal of coins, button batteries, and sharp metal objects.

  • Foreign bodies come in a variety of shapes and sizes. They are most commonly seen in the oesophagus, where they are referred to as foreign object ingestions (FOI), but they can also be found in the stomach and rectum. Coins, paperclips, and safety pins are examples, as is the more usual food bolus. Adults are more likely to have food trapped in their oesophagus, whereas youngsters are more likely to have button batteries or coins stuck in their oesophagus. If something is lodged in your child’s throat or he/she is unable to swallow liquids, get medical assistance immediately and contemplate removal within the next 24 hours.

  • It needs placing an endoscope into the oesophagus and use a foreign body retrieval device, such as grasping forceps, pronged grasper, or retrieval net, to try to extract the foreign body or food impaction. To protect the patient's airway and oesophagus mucosa from harm, an over tube may be implanted.

Sclerotherapy/ Band Ligation

  • Endoscopic sclerotherapy and band ligation are the two most often used treatments for upper gastrointestinal bleeding. Both are well-established treatment for bleeding esophageal varices, and we have expertise to perform these procedures in children.


  • A polypectomy is a technique that removes polyps from the colon or the large intestine. A polyp is the abnormal mass of tissue. The procedure is usually performed in conjunction with a colonoscopy.

  • In colonic polypectomy, it’s necessary that the colon is empty. In the 12-24 hours before procedure, may need to use enemas, laxatives, or both.

  • Most polyps can be removed by doctors using an endoscope to perform incision free removal safely.

Esophageal Stricture Dilation

  • An esophageal stricture is an abnormal narrowing of the food pipe that leads to difficulty in passage of liquids and food items.

  • Esophageal dilatation is a non-operative technique in which our doctor dilates (stretches) a narrowed section of your oesophagus [swallowing tube]. We are experienced in managing dilatation of both congenital ( since birth) or acquired (post corrosive) stricture

Percutaneous Endoscopic Gastrostomy Tube Placement

  • A percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) is a feeding tube placement procedure. PEG tubes, often known as feeding tubes, allow nutrients to get through child’s stomach. If your child has trouble swallowing or can't obtain enough nourishment through diet, he may require a PEG tube.

  • This PEG tube procedure is used in cases when there is chronic injury during Head and neck accidental trauma, stroke or brain injury, or chronic appetite loss due to severe illnesses tubercular meningitis or encephalitis.

  • PEG tubes are implanted by endoscopic procedure. Endoscopic operations involve the use of small incisions and a long, flexible device known as an endoscope.

  • An intravenous (IV) anaesthetic and antibiotics on the day of procedure. The anaesthesia keeps one quiet and numb during the procedure. The antibiotic protects against infection.


  • To diagnose celiac disease, duodenal or jejunal biopsies are required. The distal duodenum is widely recommended as the location for these biopsies.

  • Duodenal During an endoscopy, a guided or random duodenal biopsy is conducted. The biopsy results help to describe areas seen on endoscopy and can also be used to determine anomalies such as celiac disease.

  • Gastric Endoscopy of the gastrointestinal tract and tissue sampling are required for the diagnosis and treatment of a variety of digestive system illnesses. Therefore Gastric endoscopy is recommended for problems related to digestive disorders. Upper GI tract inflammation in inflammatory bowel disease is becoming more common, especially in the lack of particular localising symptoms, as patients receive upper endoscopy more frequently.